What is hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy is a minor and safe surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat conditions in the uterine cavity.
It is a day procedure that is done in theatre under general anaesthetic. During hysteroscopy, a thin telescopic instrument is inserted into the uterine cavity through the vagina and cervical os. The camera in the hysteroscope projects the image on the large television screen and enables the surgeon to visualise the uterine cavity. Liquid is released from the hysteroscope into the uterine cavity, thus expanding the area and allowing for a better view of the inside of the uterus, especially the lining and the openings of the Fallopian tubes.
Why is hysteroscopy done?
Hysteroscopy is most commonly done to diagnose the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding. It is also used to diagnose the causes for infertility or recurrent miscarriages as well as fibroid tumors, polyps, uterine septum and adhesions, or to locate displaced intrauterine device.
Very often, the surgery to correct the abnormality seen can be performed at the same time using the surgical instruments passed through the hysteroscope.
What to expect after the hysteroscopy?
You will stay in hospital for few hours. After leaving the hospital, you will have mild vaginal bleeding for few days which is normal and not a cause for concern. You might also experience mild cramps in the lower abdomen, similar to menstrual cramps.